1 The Magna Carta must be accepted as the common law by government.
2 The Magna Carta is the supreme law. All other contrary law and judgments are void.
5 Voluntary taxes cannot be made permanent.
The fine shall be proportional to the offense and shall only be imposed upon testimony of non-government men.
Fines likewise proportional to the offense for the bottom two ranks of the greater nobility. A peer is a member of the peerage, i.e. a member of the nobility.
No member of government may make a complaint against any individual. To "...hold the pleas of our crown" means to "...sue in the name of the king," or, in America, to "...sue in the name of the sovereign people," e.g. THE PEOPLE OF CALIFORNIA VS A.B.
Rule of eminent domain also applies to personal property, which must be paid for when taken.
No one may take your car without your permission. (However, if your car has a license plate it is owned by the issuer of that license plate, and can be taken back anytime by that true owner). If your car is licensed, that is proof that it does not belong to you.
Rule of eminent domain does not apply to privately owned wood.
"Praecipe" = order to show cause against property. "Rights" are property. A free man (i.e. nobleman) has his own land and people (slaves). The king may not force a nobleman into the kings court in such a way that the nobleman would deprived of his own court.
All prosecutions by the government are free, if the prosecution involves the taking away the life or limb (liberty, rights) of the defendant.
No government official may be a witness in court. And if he is going to impose his law on another, then be must have the support of non-governmental witnesses (2 or more). Witnesses paid by the government are not faithful witnesses.
One can only be put in jail if a jury puts him there (or if he agrees to be put there). Peers are members of the peerage (duke, marquis, earl, viscount, or baron).
Free justice, without delay. The government will assume the entire cost of prosecution.
Key officials must be knowledgeable about the law, and willing to obey it. If the sheriff takes his direction from the county counsel, then he must quit his job. In Orange County, California, a jury found that the sheriff intentionally disregarded the law and was unwilling to obey the law when he took extraordinary action to prevent two opposing candidates from winning his office. Despite that, he did not resign his position. To date, no one has sued to put him out of office. In 1996 he chose to not run for office.
The civil grand jury is the surety of the peace. Any problems with government must be resolved by the grand jury. The civil grand jury has the last word--no appeal.
Unjust judgments are unlawful, and can be ignored or invalidated by the civil grand jury.
Everyone, like the king, is obligated to treat his own subjects according to the Magna Carta.
Civil grand jury procedure: self-elect 25 barons of the kingdom. 4 of the 25 go talk to the king and his persons. If that doesn't work within 40 days, the 4 go back to the 25 and the 25 will then correct the problem in any way they see fit. Note that present day American grand juries consist of fewer than 25, and all are paid funds by the government. These are not true grand juries in the tradition of Magna Carta. They are merely advisory grand juries, meaning that the government may lawfully ignore them (though it may be politically risky).
Amerce - To impose a fine. Also to publish by fine or penalty.
Assize - A court, usually but not always, consisting of twelve men, summoned together to try a disputed case. They performed the functions of jury, except the verdict was rendered from their own investigation and knowledge and not from upon evidence adduced.
Burage - One of three species of free socage holdings. A tenure where houses and lands formerly the site of houses in an ancient borough are held of some lord by a certain rent.
Chattel - Personal property as opposed to real property. A personal object which can be transported.
Darrein Presentment - Writ of Assize when a man or his ancestors under whom he claimed presented a clerk to a benefice, who was instituted, and afterwards, upon the next avoidance, a stranger presented a clerk and thereby disturbed the real patron.
Distrain - The act of taking as a pledge anothers property to be used as an assurance of performance of an obligation. Also a remedy to ensure a court appearance or payment of fees etc.
Disseise - To dispossess or to deprive.
Escheat - Right of the lord of a fee to re-enter upon the same when it became vacant by the extinction of the blood of the tenant.
Intestate - To die without a will.
Mort d'Ancestor - Real action to recover a person's lands of which he had been deprived on the death of his ancestor by the abatement of intrusion of a stranger.
Novel Disseisin - Writ of Assize for the recovery of lands and tenements.
Peer - One who is a member of the peerage, i.e. the nobility. A jury of your peers is a jury of your nobility. In America everyone is a king without any subjects, so a jury of your peers means a jury of people, the owners of the country (not citizens, who by 14th Amendment constitutional definition, are all publicly owned slaves).
Praecipe - An original writ drawn up in the alternative commanding the defendant to do the thing required. An order to show cause.
Scutage - Tax or contribution raised by someone holding lands by knight's service used to furnish the King's army.
Socage - A species of Tenure where the tenant held lands in consideration of certain inferior services of husbandry by him to the lord of the fee.